Python Docx Footnotes

Java Web Scraping Handbook Pdf Free Download. followed by the name of the library. However, in scientific research papers or reports, tables and figures usually need to be numbered and referenced. Conditional footnote is defined as a footnote which appears or disappears in a page or report with a given condition, or a footnote that can vary per page. def write_and_close_docx (self, xml_content, output_filename): """ Create a temp directory, expand the original docx zip. Words Cloud SDK for Python. docx only) documents provided on the command-line. Footnotes and endnotes. It can be synced between Mac, iPhone, and iPad. For example, to convert a Julia notebook to a Julia executable script:. With the first method, the link appears as rst_tutorial, whereas the second method use the first title’s name found after the link. I’d love to be able to show the last updated date in any Office document… We do a lot of PowerPoints here at Microsoft, so it would be handy there too. With tools at your fingertips, easily go from pen and paper to digital inking and edit intuitively. How to use postscript in a sentence. Lot of large software development companies started to use their stuff, and you hardly find any. Whenever you need text to fly a bit above ordinary words, you can change it to superscript in the Font dialog box. Host Nation Support: (Host nation support agreements in place how to get a copy, US Embassy information-contact information-POCs-availability, Other US and Allied Nation military installations in the area supported-available) ii. But, one line of additional code could scan the footnotes for a specific search string. The init function of extension modules is not called a second time. All header objects share the same properties and methods. Let's take another simple example that constructs a MainDocument part using XML literals and then replaces it in a. We're going to cover three different packages - docx2txt, docx, and my personal favorite: docx2python. The list will contain 52 lists, one for each of the fifty states plus the District of Columbia and one summative row (the row labeled “U. Make sure you installed python-docx as described in system setup. Powered by Springshare. Thompson (University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign). Mind you, I said writing, not typesetting or formatting, which is a major part of what word processors do. Inserting the document file or path name into the header or footer of a Word doc will help you remember where your document is located. If you're adding a footnote or a trademark symbol, Word 2013 presents the number or symbol in superscript automatically. pdx:addFootnote Inserts a footnote into the Word document - Xmldocx Pricing. first_page_header. 我去发现好多包可以做这些事,比如python-docx,docx2txt,pythondocx等,但是这些都是对docx格式的文档进行,对于doc如何解析就有些束手无策了。不过没关系,我们可以把doc文档转化成docx文档。. It has a good focus on resources for developers. endnotes - contents of the docx in the return format described herein. They help in analysis of data. Full list of Databases the library subscribes to, including trial access. The average total roof area in square feet across all representative customers suitable for PV development. One question I get asked a lot is, “What’s the best way to convert an existing WordPerfect document into Word?” There are a lot of ways of doing this — some better than others. CrossOver is no longer confused by spaces in the name of an installer. Fix backspace inside code fences. An archive of the CodePlex open source hosting site. This wikiHow teaches you how to import images into your Adobe InDesign document using Windows or macOS. Pandoc Markdown and ReST Compared. Solve a problem. Converting Word documents to XSL-FO. Remember, you can access Google Docs via its direct link or via Google Drive. After Microsoft Word 2003 DOC format became open where before that it was proprietary format. Go to A-Z List. Syntax Following is the syntax for strip() method −. Doc together, developers can operate word documents in much more fields. Now head over to Pandoc. With tools at your fingertips, easily go from pen and paper to digital inking and edit intuitively. Filtering now just the last column with awk and printing the whole line if matches with image/jpeg. The identifiers in footnote references may not contain spaces, tabs, or newlines. Anyone out there know how to put the last saved date in other Microsoft Office applications? — Robbin. doc格式pywin3 博文 来自: weixin_34236869的博客. docx file, any other format works just fine. Background His bundle pacing is a new method for delivering cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). docx and some doc files despite the claims of improvement? edit. In principle, the python provides a model for determining the extent to which an established host microbiota can be invaded by microbial consortia associated with consumed prey. Klariti provides you with the business, marketing and technical documents you need to get the job done. docx though, since there are quite a few formulas in the file. This class performs only one function: it extracts text from a given *. The files can be saved in PDF or in HTML. docx file is an Open XML document combining texts, styles, graphics and so on into a single ZIP archive. The example demonstrates how to load a template DOCX file and modify its contents using GemBox. I have a huge docx document of about 900 pages with more than 2000 footnotes I would like to create a list of all the footnotes (and possibly some meta-information related to them like font size, style, numbering). Using R To Get Data *Out Of* Word Docs posted in R , xml on 2015-08-23 by hrbrmstr NOTE: after reading this post head on over to this new one as it has wrapped this functionality (and more!) into a package. Displaying Docx file in JTextPane with exact style; How to Convert Document File such as. 13 thoughts on " Writing academic papers in plain text with Markdown and Jupyter notebook " DFS Tools by znmeb (@znmeb_dfs) on July 20, 2015 at 9:38 am said: I'm mostly an R programmer, so I've been doing mostly similar things with RStudio / knitr / rmarkdown / pandoc. For example, if a source is cited in Question 1, any mentions of the same source in the subsequent footnotes should use the appropriate short form citation. However, Python Markdown knows nothing of BibT E X or citekeys, to my knowledge—and since I render everything for school with Pandoc, I have long wanted to configure Pelican to use Pandoc as its Markdown engine instead of Python Markdown anyway. We have learned to provide the ultimate consumer experience to students from the USA, Canada, Australia, the UK, and the UAE. Specifically, the RTF specification is a set of pre-defined keywords which includes over 1400 keywords in the RTF 1. It even supports Markdown. reads the file line by line (with regular Python functions), and builds a list of lists. This is the first step in creating web pages, and even a bit of knowledge will help you tweak your business' website, blog, newsletter and more. What it doesn't do is insist that you follow it against your will. x on systems that have Python 3. docx, and you’re good to go. Harrison advertises, this book is not some slipshod guide to push a word. 5, which supports Visual C++ 14. New Features. Python programming plus TeX typesetting. It only takes a minute to sign up. HTML, PDF and Word. The first step to installing the nfcpy library was to install a bzr client and then using a branch with the bzr to download and install nfcpy. The command to import a library is. Posted on September 17, 2016 September 17, 2016 Categories latex Leave a comment on How to add footnote in Latex Table? Convert Latex To Word The best way to convert a tex file to docx is to: use Mircosoft Office Word 2013 or later to open the pdf file generated by. Please include this exercise in your electronic submission and in the packet with your Comment, grade release form, and contact sheet. Project description. reads the file line by line (with regular Python functions), and builds a list of lists. At the moment it only supports HTML as output format. Use the COM control to pilot Word on the server. The caveat is that you should know what that name is! Libraries may be built in the operating system installation or part of the python installed but not loaded when python is started. It imports the pipe %>% symbol from magrittr and verbalize all the functions, so basically you can add “layers” to a kable output in a way that is similar with ggplot2 and plotly. This generally worked okay, but I lost my footnotes. 04LTS) (text): general markup converter [universe]. The idea of the plain text workflow is that you separate the act of writing from that of producing a formatted, typeset final document. Serializer¶. Get all the information you need as you write without leaving Word. Read The Two Towers The Lord Of The Rings Book 2 online, mobile and kindle reading. In LibreOffice Online, the cloud-based version of the suite, many new dialog boxes have been added, including spelling and grammar, cell formatting and area fill. XPFFWordExtractor that extracts and returns simple data from a Word file. NET应用程序,包括Asp. Below is a list of ready-to-use plugins created by DokuWiki users. It can view, convert and catalog e-books in most of the major e-book formats. Microsoft Word Macros are scripts that can be added to Microsoft Word which allows you to convert word documents to mediawiki coding for easy copying and pasting into your wiki. Training was performed on 2 GeForce GTX 1080 Ti graphical processing units (nVIDIA, Santa Clara, California). XPFFWordExtractor that extracts and returns simple data from a Word file. I really need the functionality from. blakeley · 12 years ago Does anyone know of a way to convert PDF to word in a way which it will also include the footnotes. The formatting of the table itself, such as borders, is currently ignored, but the formatting of the text is treated the same as in the rest of the document. These are the top rated real world PHP examples of Docx extracted from open source projects. In order to parse XML document you need to have the entire XML document in memory. The partner to HWPF for the new Word 2007. InsertDocument ( DocX remote_document, bool append = true ) : void Insert the contents of another document at the end of this document. DOCX extends what is possible with the binary files of earlier versions. Performs a Mail Merge on Office Open XML (docx) files. , {"lastModifiedBy": "Shay Hill"}) images - image names mapped to images in binary format. Number , CellText. The list will contain 52 lists, one for each of the fifty states plus the District of Columbia and one summative row (the row labeled “U. Therefore, we investigated the degree to which bacteria observed in the python's gut after feeding were derived from the mammal it ingested. Contents 1. With Python being a popular language for the web and data analysis, it's likely you'll need to read or write XML data at some point, in which case you're in luck. Subject to the terms and conditions of this BeOpen Python License Agreement, BeOpen hereby grants Licensee a non-exclusive, royalty-free, world-wide license to reproduce, analyze, test, perform and/or display publicly, prepare derivative works, distribute, and otherwise use the Software alone or in any derivative version, provided, however, that the BeOpen Python License is retained in the. Madeleine Jana Korbel Albright (born Marie Jana Korbelová; May 15, 1937) is an American politician and diplomat. For other types please refer to the page of the hack. Words Cloud SDK for Python. xml file (if it exists), and prints the ordered footnotes. In the same way, we have different methodologies to extract headings, footnotes, table data, etc. Fix a bug that footnote definition cannot be correctly input. You can specify a document to be used as a style reference in producing a *. Objectives The authors performed a head-to-head, high-precision, acute crossover comparison between His bundle pacing and conventional biventricular CRT, measuring effects on ventricular activation and acute hemodynamic function. Therefore, we investigated the degree to which bacteria observed in the python's gut after feeding were derived from the mammal it ingested. docx is completely undefined, and even MS dont know what the spec is. This will open a window with document options. 6; win-32 v0. It is important to remember that there are two ways of generating tables in markdown: In order to make a more interesting example we will try to look at. The work around is: Create a document with python-docx. xml and recreate it to avoid the issue (Ofcourse, I'm saving the footnotes. This course helps you prepare for exam 77-725. Generate docx and PDFs with Python, node. Alternatively, this can be shown using proof of L 1. (I think the old. How to Get Rid of a Horizontal Line in Microsoft Word. Thanks for your answer, Nicolas. diffの情報をどう可視化したものかなーというのがキッカケでした。色付きの差分情報を最終的にはpdfでそれなりの形にしたいなーと。 でいろいろ調べてみますとpython-docxが使えるのかなー. R Markdown is a great tool to make research results reproducible. Now during your exam, this is what you're going to see. I’d love to be able to show the last updated date in any Office document… We do a lot of PowerPoints here at Microsoft, so it would be handy there too. Compare and secure every file, everywhere with Workshare Professional 10. It can also talk to many e-book reader devices. OpenDocument Format for developers Open Document Format (ODF) is an international family of standards that is standardised at OASIS and was first adopted by ISO/IEC JTC1 SC34 in 2005. We’ve since grown to become one of Australia’s leading academic libraries. Replace them with a real live preview feature to help you concentrate on the content itself. Search for and replace text, numbers, formats, paragraphs, page breaks, wildcards, field codes, and more. Create Awesome HTML Table with knitr::kable and kableExtra Hao Zhu 2019-05-03. Introduction. The application does not need to be a Microsoft product it can be any application. Below is the code i am using, which is getting only text but not getting any footnote number/alfabet/symbol from which footnote line started. Anyone out there know how to put the last saved date in other Microsoft Office applications? — Robbin. xml exists in the original document AND footnotes. com video experience serves up the best video content from AOL and around the web, curating informative and entertaining snackable videos. Thompson (University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign). Chemical Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University. When you create a new R Markdown document from the RStudio menu File -> New File -> R Markdown, you will see a default example document (a template) in the RStudio editor. DocX is a. Contents 1. It converts that an array. Information about the concept, documents and links to the SourceForge page with download and mailing list. NET, a professional word component , without installing MS Word, developers can convert word to html with only two lines of key code in C#. docx: docx for reference styles; These following arguments allow you to use citations when writing academic papers. Providing templates since 1997. In this post, I'll describe the structure of this file format and how to access it easily in python. 我去发现好多包可以做这些事,比如python-docx,docx2txt,pythondocx等,但是这些都是对docx格式的文档进行,对于doc如何解析就有些束手无策了。不过没关系,我们可以把doc文档转化成docx文档。. docx https://contoso. This system will include real-time Markdown linting and the ability to generate html, docx, and pdf documents quickly with the potential to produce many other document formats as well. We’re going to cover three different packages – docx2txt, docx, and my personal favorite: docx2python. About asdoc asdoc is a Stata program that makes it super-easy to send output from Stata to MS Word. each do |p| puts p end # Retrieve and display bookmarks, returned as hash with bookmark names as keys and objects as values doc. The command to import a library is. 0 Now, here is that org-to-word. To see the DOCX conversion in action, simply add this file to calibre using the “Add Books” button and then click “Convert”. DocX is a. Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Docxtemplater will keep all the styling that you put on your qrcode (shades, effects, size, …). Read the article to learn more. When you insert a continuous section break between two footnotes formatted to appear at the bottom of the page, the page incorrectly breaks at the continuous section break. 48Taking into account the following two facts lowers the number of cases to consider (cf. This is your chance to be heard. Removing an endnote works the same way as removing a footnote:. Assignment Overview. blakeley · 12 years ago Does anyone know of a way to convert PDF to word in a way which it will also include the footnotes. Converting Word documents to XSL-FO. Access Google Drive with a free Google account (for personal use) or G Suite account (for business use). "LibreOffice powered by CIB" is a branded and customized version of LibreOffice developed by Germany-based CIB software GmbH. My goal here is to learn the package doconce, which is a markup syntax for creating scientific documents with many different types of outputs, including markdown, html, ipython notebooks, pdfs, and docx files. You can view them in a text editor (I think you have to do some unzipping first), but a lot of the content is structural. When preparing your manuscript, please also refer to the manuscript-type-specific guidelines. rels中添加与脚注或尾注的关联;四是在正文中标注脚注或尾注。. ignoring header rows, footnote rows, and empty rows. DocumentPart to form the new API class and retire docx. I've been looking for ways to add FootNotes, and have seen the problem I'm facing is not new reading this issue. Comes with a command-line client, plus Enlightenment, ncurses, GTK and Dmenu clients are available. Edit your. This is a major release of the Python language, containing many new features, including new syntax features, backwards-incompatible syntax changes, new library modules, significant improvements to the standard library and much more. ); see the chart on the following pages for examples of how to format footnotes and bibliography entries for various kinds of items. v The argument category specifies the category and must be a CellText object (one of CellText. active oldest votes. docx file, rather than just publishing it as HTML should be read as This is a Word document, full of content that you want very much. docx paragraph also has the style name Heading 1, then the text of that paragraph will be appended to the existing h1 element, rather than creating a new h1 element. Overview about the Content of the CrypTool Book The rapid spread of the Internet has led to intensi ed research in the technologies involved, especially within the area of cryptography where a good deal of new knowledge has arisen. Another way would be to read the whole main part of the DOCX file (document. I tried Word to Markdown for a brief while, but it didn’t work entirely as I’d like it to. Thus if footnotes. Sisense is the only BI reporting software that lets any user easily transform data into stunning interactive reports. require 'docx' # Create a Docx::Document object for our existing docx file doc = Docx::Document. When you use docx template file, the user is provided with both a PDF file and a DOCX file. README QrCode Module. Installing Python modules on Ubuntu. pdf格式-122页-文件0. Also home of Active TeX, a forerunner of PyTeX, and the TeX daemon. 0 1 or 2 #pdf. 0 has been released. Python for Scientists and Engineers is now free to read online. Inserting the document file or path name into the header or footer of a Word doc will help you remember where your document is located. blakeley · 12 years ago Does anyone know of a way to convert PDF to word in a way which it will also include the footnotes. How to remove all indents in Word? Normally, you may use various types of indents in formatting a document in Word. before 11:59 on Monday, October. Forgot Password? Enter your Username and we'll send you a link to change your password. Harrison advertises, this book is not some slipshod guide to push a word. 6; win-64 v0. The program allows you to answer up to 10 Java programming basic questions. Extract docx. Image: iStock/DragonImages Most Word users learn quickly that. It is very useful for professional writers, scholars and students. Including the Map Image in a Report. Jun 4, 2015. Improvements in the manner in which Steam games are installed. doc Insert Watermark Insert Subscript and Superscript Remove macros Insert footnote Insert endnote Set highlight Encrypt the word. As you know footnote number is in superscript, there may be any solution to get the number/symbols from footnote. She is the first female United States Secretary of State in U. docx file into markdown. Below is a list of ready-to-use plugins created by DokuWiki users. Each week students are required to write a response to a prompt. Sources are also usually listed in a separate bibliography. xml content before deleting it to bve able to reinsert its content after the creation). When you have a long document and need to return to specific locations in the document later for editing, Word's Bookmark feature can prove valuable. This can be handy when you want to get the source or target document over a network connection or from a database and don’t want to (or aren’t allowed to) interact with the file system. The Plain Text Workflow is an alternative to writing with a word processor. This is in addition to English, French and Spanish that are already supported. This class performs only one function: it extracts text from a given *. Text boxes. The heatmap module contains all the functions and classes to render a sophisticated heatmap and enable interactivity using a mouse and keyboard. Documentation can include user guides, FAQs, How Tos, samples, user templates, the application help, and training materials. Harrison advertises, this book is not some slipshod guide to push a word. docx' Change `self. Sisense is the only BI reporting software that lets any user easily transform data into stunning interactive reports. results following from it. To quickly copy formatting in Google Docs or Google Sheets, follow these steps: While using a Google Doc or Sheet, format a line of text or cell in your desired appearance. I've been looking for ways to add FootNotes, and have seen the problem I'm facing is not new reading this issue. Notes on parsing MS word docx footnotes. Chemical Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University. All HTML character codes of text fonts and symbols from � to ￿. I was able to achieve this in Google Docs by opening my document and then, in the menu, selecting File>Download as>Word Document (. More Features. See Footnote and citation styles. Python programming plus TeX typesetting. docx module Word documents contain formatted text wrapped within three object levels. A while ago I wrote a tutorial on how a student could extract their schedules from Word tables and save it in a. Klariti provides you with the business, marketing and technical documents you need to get the job done. Also home of Active TeX, a forerunner of PyTeX, and the TeX daemon. Anyone out there know how to put the last saved date in other Microsoft Office applications? — Robbin. Replace them with a real live preview feature to help you concentrate on the content itself. Despite the widespread use of these drugs, the mechanism underlying their therapeutic action in this pain context. FanFiction Login withSign Up. Make sure you installed python-docx as described in system setup. I'm sure it's possible to convert/transform Word 2003 WordProcessingML to Word Open XML, but I don't know The (best) way. Top Ten Signs You're a Fundamentalist Christian. Possible to merge the Read-Only-Footnotes functionality added by ludoo? (at #53 (comment)) Adding the Write-Footnotes functionality as Huyston requested? ( at #1 (comment)). How to Merge. You might be able to manage without a spreadsheet tool or something for making slideshows, but text. I want to create a footnote within a table environment, when I use the regular \footnote then the text will not be shown on the bottom of the page. def write_and_close_docx (self, xml_content, output_filename): """ Create a temp directory, expand the original docx zip. An object's docsting is defined by including a string constant as the first statement in the object's definition. Each note corresponds to a raised (superscript) number in the text. --docx-page-margin-bottom¶ The size of the bottom page margin, in pts. The same rules apply as for normal text: if it's a proper noun all the words should be capitalised, but otherwise none of them should be, unless the first word starts the sentence. docx4all is an open source cross platform WYSIWYG editor for docx files, written in Java Swing and JavaFX Script, released under the GPL DocxEditorKit can open docx files and display the content in JEditorPane (or JTextPane), and save back to docx format. Python-docx似乎没有这个功能。 It breaks down into 2 questions. another easy way to removes these annoying icons is to open the document (microsoft 2010 version) select home page, have a look across the top of the page, where you see all the different actions you can perform, like font size, type, centre,align text etc and you will see the actual icon, simply check it and boosh, it’s gone. Can be used on any system without having to install Microsoft Office Word. Notes on parsing MS word docx footnotes. docx) or power point. Unfortunately, it’s difficult to access because I’m putting it on my website as a. Learning Outcomes. It does not allow row or cell spanning as well as putting multi-line text in a cell. The documents that are being compared are not changed. Since Python-Docx can use only those styles that already exist in the Word document, you will have to first add these styles to a blank Word file and then open that file with Python-Docx. footnotes - contents of the docx in the return format described herein. 4 is Visual Studio 2010. Python string method strip() returns a copy of the string in which all chars have been stripped from the beginning and the end of the string (default whitespace characters). docx files, we use the class org. They are trend makers. The list will contain 52 lists, one for each of the fifty states plus the District of Columbia and one summative row (the row labeled “U. Using Tab Stops in Word- Instructions: A picture of a document showing the different types of tabs stops in Word. 1 format, OTT and Word 2003 XML. Inserting the document file or path name into the header or footer of a Word doc will help you remember where your document is located. 1 should not be set as main active version of Python, you should run python-updater after installation of Python 3. The effect is that a document of about 100 pages appears as having more than 20 thousands pages. The word ,,BibTeX'' stands for a tool and a file format which are used to describe and process lists of references, mostly in conjunction with LaTeX documents. The 13k source document showcases multicolumn layout, SVG, rounded borders, hyphenation, and automatic counters. python, 2001-06-16. Being mode interested in footnotes, rather than header/footer, I'll parse a docx file with one generic footnote and try to add more footnotes. latex: the \(\LaTeX\) engine. As well as indexes, tables of contents and tables of figures. 我去发现好多包可以做这些事,比如python-docx,docx2txt,pythondocx等,但是这些都是对docx格式的文档进行,对于doc如何解析就有些束手无策了。不过没关系,我们可以把doc文档转化成docx文档。. docx or cut and paste from another document and use markup styles. docx format are like this, written in xml. In this tutorial, we will see how we can use XML minidom class in Python to load and parse XML file. This is a quiz program. DOCX extracted from open source projects. A study to investigate newly-qualified nurses’ experiences of preceptorship in an acute hospital in the south-east of England by Alison Maitland Submitted for the degree of Master of Science in. This document is a short tutorial on using RMarkdown to mix prose and code together for creating reproducible scientific documents. As well as indexes, tables of contents and tables of figures. Convert a notebook to an executable script. doc format was binary - so text editors couldn't understand it at all). 95) but has a 45-day trial period. I’ve been using Pandoc to convert all of my Word documents — including footnotes — for the last two years. Take into account run position and size to apply superscript and subscript tags to runs that would look like they have superscript and subscript tags but are being faked due to positioning and sizing. Create AP-style multiple-choice questions using footnote 1, making careful note of the differences between publications and articles. Find & buy the right laptop, tablet, desktop or server. docx, but you can do to. When you insert a continuous section break between two footnotes formatted to appear at the bottom of the page, the page incorrectly breaks at the continuous section break. Anyone out there know how to put the last saved date in other Microsoft Office applications? — Robbin. docx module Word documents contain formatted text wrapped within three object levels. Students completing this course will have a sound understanding of how Python can be used to carry out data analysis and to use selected machine learning algorithms to help make predictions in life science and business intelligence contexts. The footnotes themselves need not be placed at the end of the document. List of Recent Programming Projects (In order of most recent) A tool that scans and grades a test sheet using OMR, Python, and OpenCV: Jupyter Notebook, Github A tool to extract footnotes and in-text citations from several word documents (. You can develop programs that generate reports in PDF, Microsoft Word, Microsoft PowerPoint, and HTML. But I want them to appear on the same page. After which, just create a list in either numbered or bulleted format. Use the COM control to pilot Word on the server. Write with confidence, knowing intelligent technology can help with spelling, grammar and even stylistic writing suggestions. it is pretty good, and blazing fast. Each week students are required to write a response to a prompt. 10 documentation It should not be confused with a footnote, which is not uniform between pages. You have searched for packages that names contain pandoc in all suites, all sections, and all architectures. Microsoft Word is the world’s most popular non-free word processor. net, java or ruby, from scratch or using templates or databases. Create AP-style multiple-choice questions using footnote 1, making careful note of the differences between publications and articles. docx though, since there are quite a few formulas in the file. Information about the concept, documents and links to the SourceForge page with download and mailing list. One question I get asked a lot is, “What’s the best way to convert an existing WordPerfect document into Word?” There are a lot of ways of doing this — some better than others. mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. String , CellText. What is the difference between Save and Save As? Answer: When you are working on a document, it is a good idea to save your work every couple of minutes. Click Protect Sheet. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: