Elements Of Fiction Pdf

The story has strange/unusual settings (imaginary, futuristic, alternate universes, etc. All the elements outlined below can help to increase suspense over the course of your novel: Conflict. adventure, mystery, or even historical fiction if the tone and the details resonate. Novels usually span (take place over) a much longer period of time than short stories, so you may need to say that a novel's setting in time is from 1937 to 1956. Integral - settings are key to a story, it affects the plot. The characters are the people or animals in the story. A – Characters – who is in the story. Pizer suggests that "whatever was being produced in fiction during the 1870s and 1880s that was new, interesting, and roughly similar in a number of ways can be designated as realism, and that an equally new, interesting, and roughly similar body of writing produced at the turn of the century can be designated as naturalism" (5). There is a distinct beginning, middle and ending. Dramas are usually performed in a theater or on a stage. Love, hate, peace, etc. Group 1: Determine the SETTING of "Raymond's Run. ELEMENTS OF FICTION DIRECTED LEARNING: Many of us love literature, the complexity of it, the messages we get from it. org item tags). #2: Elements of Science Fiction Realistic and fantastic details Grounded in real SCIENCE! Usually set in the future Unknown inventions/advanced & amazing technology Makes a serious comment about the world Often contains a warning for humankind—sometimes causing mass hysteria. 6 [The student will] select age and ability appropriate fiction materials to read, based on interest and teacher recommendations, to begin building a core base of knowledge. Working with the Seven Elements that CDS developed, we added a few new items to make them more applicable to the types of digital stories created by students. Reading Activity: After showing the movie clip, have students read the story A Man With A Problem. Check out other translated books in French, Spanish languages. FREE Ultimate Character Questionnaire PDF Subscribe to claim your Character Questionnaire, with almost 200 questions covering: politics, love, past and future & much more. ELEMENTS OF FICTION DIRECTED LEARNING: Many of us love literature, the complexity of it, the messages we get from it. Mother Gift Card Elements Of Fiction Pdf: A buying guide to meticulously stitched currency carriers – these are the best wallets for men. Much of writing is instinctual, but there are some tools every writer needs to make their story professional and effective. Take it one layer at a time. Lighting, sound effects, costumes, makeup, gestures or body language given to characters, the stage setup, and the props used can together be considered as symbols that are elements of drama. Big Ideas Students determine the overarching statement (e. conflict is discovered through identifying elements of the plot. Denouement/Resolution Third Person Omniscient Direct Characterization: When analyzing the theme, readers need to dissect the text just like they would a frog in science. Character-Traits- personal qualities of a character. Instructions: Read the selection below. pdf - Free download as PDF File (. Elements of fiction Your mission should you choose to accept it, is to pay attention to the following list of items that if examined correctly will help you analyze ( chunk and breakdown the story so that you can get the most out of it) and enjoy it. Fiction relating to the science of cybernetics, which views nature as a series of interconnecting mechanical systems. ; yet, it has a structured method of writing. It usually focuses on one important event in the lives of a small number of central characters. • Science fiction is often based on scientific principles and technology. Rising Action builds during the story and gets more exciting. Essential Elements of a Novel Here you'll find a quick overview of the elements of a novel, or almost any kind of fiction. There are eight elements of fiction: *Plot and Structure *Characterization *Theme *Setting *Point of View *Style Plot- The sequence of incidents or events through which an author constructs a story. Last week I attempted to define some elements expected of the typical reader in a psychological thriller. Short Story is fiction of such briefness that is not able to support any subplots. None of the above. The overall tone of the story is _____. Young teenagers will love the dystopian themes, futuristic settings, and fantastical (at least, it was…) technology. Fiction = not true Nonfiction = true. Short Stories vary in length but are usually short enough to be read in one sitting. talking animals. The Elements of Fiction Writing book series by multiple authors includes books Characters and Viewpoint, Beginnings, Middles & Ends, Conflict, Action and Suspense, and several more. Description is an essential element of any kind of writing Following the steps of the writing process enhances the final product. I enjoy reading and writing but since I began to write namely fiction stories which is the field I seem to feel in my own element I don’t quite seem to build up the entire storyline from start to finish for I seem to build it all like an essay meaning introduction and body of the storyline and conclusion yet what is the proper formula how to blend all the ideas into a story book from. Although the author makes the story up, he or she might base it on real events. Author The person who wrote the story. Science Fiction Lesson Plans: Mission Possible: This lesson provides a great way for students to learn about the science fiction genre by creating their own futuristic inventions. Click Download or Read Online button to get ruskin the ethics of the dust fiction fair and foul the elements of drawing book now. Twitter fiction and six-word stories have permeated the literary world, but the concept of telling very short tales isn't exactly new. Students must read a minimum of 8 samples of non-fiction (Echoes 12 and Elements of Essays) The various types of non-fiction must be explored (essays, editorials, speeches, films, and biographies). Elements of romance include these: 1. From a young age, Shandot Beto was known throughout Jupiter as an artist of great talent. What happens in the story? a. Conflict can be internal or external. Authors of nonfiction works often use the same basic elements as fiction authors to tell a compelling story. ELEMENTS OF GOTHIC LITERATURE THE SUPERNATURAL •The supernatural often appears in Gothic literature, particularly ghosts and unexplained manifestations. Realistic Fiction - Imaginative writing that accurately reflects life as it could be lived today. The elements move from students learning selflove and knowledge about who they are and. Speculative fiction is a term that encompasses a wide variety of “weird” fiction genres. Elements of Fiction Literary Terms Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Familiar examples from literature underscore the themes of the individual as hero, and the conflict between the individual and self, another person, family, society, nature, and the cosmos. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Elements of Fiction Writing book series by multiple authors includes books Characters and Viewpoint, Beginnings, Middles & Ends, Conflict, Action and Suspense, and several more. In most stories the characters are faced with a problem. Find materials for this course in the pages linked along the left. In this lesson, students review elements of fiction and compare and contrast stories in the same genre. If used consistently, these questions will provide you with a complete. Elements of Fiction part 1of2 - Duration: 8:35. A writer who pens a story about a school can be assumed to have either attended school or know people that have. Story Elements. Edited in 1994 by Dr. The highest point of interest or suspense in a story is known as the _____of the story. Paul's (1992) Elements of Reasoning is a model for critical thinking and emphasizes the following eight elements: issue, purpose, point of view, assumptions, concepts, evidence, inferences, and implications or consequences. A Process Approach to a Fiction Selection for Fourth Graders Title (Page ) Author: What inferences/conclusions can be drawn from the story? (Objectives 19, 21) 1. Common elements of these Gothic works established the stock characteristics of Gothic fiction. Central idea is the reader's intellectual response to the story, citing a generalization based on the particular facts of the story. ELEMENTS OF FICTION 2. LITERARY ELEMENTS Below is a list of Literary Elements, or the parts of a story. How do the protagonist and the antagonist respond to the conflict at first?. Narrator The person telling the story (not always the same person as the author or writer) 2. Five Key Elements of Poetry. Our Narrative Elements are setting, foreshadowing, and characterization. 0 or more! Membership Educators Gift Cards Stores & Events Help. The Elements of Fiction Plot, Setting, Character, Conflict, Symbol, and Point of View are the main elements which fiction writers use to develop a story and its Theme. Each learning goal is listed with the date that it was learned, the score, and space for students to write why they are at that level. Author's Role in Plot. You're enamoured with epic sagas from the likes of Tolkien, Martin and Rowling; you love everything about the genre, and you feel that you have your own fantasy story to tell. Please enter your name. Be sure to briefly provide examples for your answers. Elements of Fiction Writing - Characters & Viewpoint: Proven advice and timeless techniques for creating compelling characters by an a ward-winning author Orson Scott Card 4. Tia, a normal teenage girl with a completely normal life until she found a beautiful violet crystal broach in her mother's dresser. Jack was too shy around girls to say. Example-Sally sells sea shells. is a long work of fiction that usually has more complex elements than a short story. Like many concepts in the book world, "series" is a somewhat fluid and contested notion. 10 pages, including key. The very best way to improve your writing in these, and other areas, is to read lots of writers who have excellent control in these areas. Twitter fiction and six-word stories have permeated the literary world, but the concept of telling very short tales isn't exactly new. In fiction, the story must be believable (even if it’s impossible), and in nonfiction, accurate research can make or break a writer. Elements of Historical Fiction. There is a distinct beginning, middle and ending. The elements of nonfiction are point of view, character development, narrative and dramatization. identify elements of fiction and figurative language in a particular story. These educators provided their time and expertise in contributing to the development of these alternate achievement standards. 7 Analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the meaning, tone, or beauty of a text (e. But even if you haven't started writing yet, it's worth keeping the following things in mind to ensure you're on the right track. Elements of fiction. The result of this may be a short story, novel, novella, screenplay, or drama, which are all types (though not the only types) of fictional writing styles. Fiction or Non Fiction. tifying formal elements and literary devices such as symbolism, metaphors, similes, and irony. A plot’s conflict is the problem that triggers the action. Theme Theme is the general idea of a story. The seven elements of fiction include character, theme, plot, point of view, setting, conflict and tone. ELEMENTS OF GOTHIC LITERATURE THE SUPERNATURAL •The supernatural often appears in Gothic literature, particularly ghosts and unexplained manifestations. Faculty can use it to design instruction, assignments, and tests in any subject. Elements of a Story with Cinderella Examples. Word Choice C. And now, it's connected to the Adobe Document Cloud − making it easier than ever to work across computers and mobile devices. Elements of Fiction Worksheet. Point where the outcome is clear. txt) or read online for free. The point of view is _____. A monthly series of mini-lectures on literary techniques in which John Mullan, senior lecturer in English at University College London, analysed a notable novel available in. By examining the story through each separate element, you can begin to appreciate factors you might have noticed about the story and see how they work together. It challenges even the most competent professionals. In fact, some of the most popular sci-fi works were first published in magazines that released work. Most plots will trace some process of change in which characters are caught up in a conflict that is eventually resolved. 2 Wednesday, September 25, 13. Breaking a Story Down into Its Elements – This will really tear apart the story for you. The author's voice refers to a writer's style, the quality that makes their writing unique. 3) Don't judge a book by its cover is an example of _____. Science fiction is a genre of fiction in which the stories often tell about science and technology of the future. ELEMENTS OF HISTORICAL FICTION • Historical Events - must be centered around a historical event. It is so despite. Insert image here. It is exciting because the gratification. Elements of Fiction and Non Fiction For each of the statements, determine if you would find the element in fiction or non‐fiction or both. What a wonderful resource for teaching fiction and nonfiction!. o Characters: The people, animals, or creatures within the story. Don't show me this again. “Creative writing is considered to be any writing, fiction, poetry, or non-fiction, that goes outside the bounds of normal professional, journalistic, academic, and technical forms of literature. Types of characters: A static character does not change throughout the work, and the reader’s knowledge of that character does not grow, whereas a dynamic character undergoes some kind of. R THINK LITERACY : Cross-Curricular Approaches, Grades 7-12 8 Getting Ready to Read: Previewing a Text A well-designed textbook, website or other print resource has a variety of elements or features that are applied consistently to help the reader locate and use the material. LITERARY FOCUS: STYLE AND MOOD A writer’s diction, or word choice, greatly defines a work’s style. Powerful love. Know them backwards and forwards!!! 1. " More honest authors might answer, "I look at my bank ac. Provide each student with a student sheet. tifying formal elements and literary devices such as symbolism, metaphors, similes, and irony. From Faris’ formulation and the exploration of the five elements, I conclude, firstly, that. 7 Analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the meaning, tone, or beauty of a text (e. Six Elements of Social Justice Curriculum Design. Tales set in the imaginary dystopian environment are usually focused on survival or exploration of the world that is built on the remains of some past war, disaster or revolution. Edgar Allan Poe was the undisputed "Father" of the Detective Story. November 08, 2017 - A little more than a hundred years ago, the world's fast-growing population was outstripping humanity's ability to feed itself. These are the books I use to research literary elements of fiction and nonfiction and for writing assessments for the culminating activity. identify elements of fiction and figurative language in a particular story. Elements of Fiction Review. Name_____ Homeroom_____ Setting - the time and place. When describing the. Write one fact about each character. FIVE ELEMENTS OF EFFECTIVE WRITING 1. Turning Point. This presentation may be accurate or not; that is, it can give either a true or a false account of the subject in question. elements such as plot and character. The latter voice is one of the most vital elements of a story for readers of fiction. Elements of Prose Fiction. Name two of the three. To be used with the Learning Goal Rubric. Prose writing differs from poetry in that it does not depend on verses, meters or rhymes for its organization and presentation. Fact and Fiction , what could be possible and what may be probable. A story that is written in. This is because not everything in a fiction book is make-believe. *The plot is not merely the action itself, but the way the author arranges the act. Ethics Students are instructed to identify any dilemmas or controversies of the idea or event and to determine the elements that reflect bias, prejudice, or discrimination. The line is divided into a number of feet. Terms in this set (19) exposition. And hope Now i am a section of allowing you to get a much better product. elements such as plot and character. Elements of Fiction Worksheet This is a very simple activity to help students better understand elements of fiction. select an Instructional PDF. Illustrate the Terms - Elements of a Story. Elements of Fiction Scavenger Hunt Directions: Search through our focus text to locate examples of the following elements of fiction. Jenny needed a new coat and Kristen needed a dress to wear to her sister's wedding. is a long work of fiction that usually has more complex elements than a short story. Quote a passage (and page number) that illustrates tone: _____ Quote a passage (and page number) that illustrates the mood of the story: _____. Essential Elements of a Novel Here you'll find a quick overview of the elements of a novel, or almost any kind of fiction. ), ideas, occurrences, and images encountered in. It is not written as a 5 paragraph essay as much as it is a complete response to the four prompts below. Short Story Vocabulary Engl 275. Adobe Acrobat Reader DC software is the free global standard for reliably viewing, printing, and commenting on PDF documents. Short stories, novels, myths, legends, and fairy tales are all considered fiction. Create a Scene Tracker for your project using all seven essential elements for a scene that sizzles. them to identify elements in the diary that are obvious fiction. Comley and M. The events can be related chronologically, or the story may begin with later incidents before going back to let. She has won. a sort of unreality. All these types of literature have some elements. Detective The protagonist fills the archetype of the detective, an investigator who may be an amateur, such as Agatha Christie's Miss Marple; a self-employed private. Gothicism is the primary feature of Nathaniel Hawthorne's fiction, and it is his skillin elevating Gothicism to the level of high art which makes him a great artist. A central message about a topic in a piece of literature. Literary Terms Scavenger Hunt: Answers. The author’s arrangement of incidents in a story. Writing Genre Fiction: A Guide to the Craft is the book I was looking for when I set out on my quest to learn how to write genre fiction. Plot – The elements of story, plot, setting, and characters, all function together to create an experience for the reader. Complication, sometimes called the inciting incident, is a single event that begins the major conflict. Elements of Historical Fiction. Elements of Fiction Test Date Name Literary Analysis: Plot, Conflict, and Narrative Structure What is the term for the part of a story that provides background information about main characters and their situation? B c, D. Characters. The Five Essential Elements of a Mystery A mystery is a story that has five basic but important elements. Science Fiction Lesson Plans: Mission Possible: This lesson provides a great way for students to learn about the science fiction genre by creating their own futuristic inventions. This video reviews the main elements of fiction. You're enamoured with epic sagas from the likes of Tolkien, Martin and Rowling; you love everything about the genre, and you feel that you have your own fantasy story to tell. •Fiction that takes place in an invented world that has different laws of nature. The term novel comes from. Writing a good story resembles weaving a beautiful tapestry. The Author’s Purpose of most dramas is to. LITERARY ELEMENTS FOR LITERATURE. use reading signposts to think critically about their reading Stage 2: Assessment Evidence. Comley and M. ) Describe the setting of the story. Genesis: 1841 Edgar Allan Poe. Elements of Horror 1 of 10 ELEMENTS OF HORROR Notes from Noel Carroll’s Philosophy of Horror THE ALL-IMPORTANT EMOTION OF HORROR Reader Identification, Plus All fiction seeks to get the reader to identify with the characters of the story. 2: The student recognizes rhymes, rhythm, and. Annotating Texts To annotate is to examine and question a text, to add critical notes. Fiction Story Elements and Text Structure Studying the story elements and structure of fiction is an important way to deepen your child's reading comprehension because it helps them understand what is important. While every story succeeds or disappoints on the basis of these elements, historical fiction has the added challenge of bringing the past to life. Introducing Fiction Text Structure with S. This quiz is timed. LITERARY ELEMENTS Below is a list of Literary Elements, or the parts of a story. Fiction may be either written or oral. It is important to note that science fiction has a relationship with the principles of science. 1 A N T A G O N I 9 S T 2 P O I N 6 T O F V I E W 7 F I C T I O N 3 P R O T A G O N I S T 8 P L O T 4 N O V E L E T N G 5 C H A A C E R 10 S H O R S O R Y H M E. Most dystopian fiction takes place in the future but often purposely incorporates contemporary social trends taken to extremes. Elements of Horror 1 of 10 ELEMENTS OF HORROR Notes from Noel Carroll’s Philosophy of Horror THE ALL-IMPORTANT EMOTION OF HORROR Reader Identification, Plus All fiction seeks to get the reader to identify with the characters of the story. Name the other four elements. An introduction which tells us who the characters are, when and where the story takes place, and what their. ) What is the symbol in this story? What is the significance of this symbol? 6. All of these elements are used to compile and write a fictional story or a piece of literature. The Author's Purpose of most dramas is to. Grade 4 ELA Making inferences using non-fiction text Standard RL. Moses takes his people on a long, perilous desert journey and leads them to the Promised Land. 5 Two-part sentences of which the second member is introduced by as (in the sense of because), for, or, nor, and while (in the sense of and at the same time) likewise require a comma before the conjunction. Plot: The plot is the author's particular arrangement of incidents in a story. This excludes looking at the connection between the text and the reader’s experiences. The characters are the people or animals in the story. Quiz on the structural elements of a short story. Think of these three as the legs of a tripod, each. The Essential Elements of Writing a Romance Novel by Leigh MichaeLs Even if you're a seat-of-the-pants, explore-as-you-go sort of writer, there are a few things you need to know about your story before you start seri-ously writing chapter one. There are eight elements of fiction: *Plot and Structure *Characterization *Theme *Setting *Point of View *Style Plot- The sequence of incidents or events through which an author constructs a story. The Elements of Fiction Plot, Setting, Character, Conflict, Symbol, and Point of View are the main elements which fiction writers use to develop a story and its Theme. _____is a struggle between opposing forces. Commercial Fiction- Written and published primarily to make money, and it makes money because it helps large numbers of people escape the tedium and stress of their lives. Remember, quotes and paraphrases are your evidence in a literary paper. Students understand, make inferences and draw conclusions about the structure and elements of fiction and provide evidence from text to support their understanding. Elements of Fiction. foregrounding the fiction of fiction and reality -- the juxtaposition of fictional characters and historical figures --discussion of writing techniques, inclusion in the text of "external" elements of the text such as "preface," author, editor and advertisement. First, I want them to have a self-created reference to use throughout the year. Most dystopian fiction takes place in the future but often purposely incorporates contemporary social trends taken to extremes. Literature Quiz: The Elements of Fiction Multiple-Choice 1) The time and location in which a story takes place a) Plot b) setting c) conflict d) characterization. FANTASY - contains elements that are not realistic. As a preliminary finding, this study only highlights the shifting noir elements taken from selected noir stories represented by some noir anthologies produced in. CHARACTERS. Quote a passage (and page number) that illustrates tone: _____ Quote a passage (and page number) that illustrates the mood of the story: _____. The short story is a work of fiction that is shorter and more limited than a novel. Commercial Fiction- Written and published primarily to make money, and it makes money because it helps large numbers of people escape the tedium and stress of their lives. Elements of fiction and elements of non fiction worksheets are part of the curriculum. ) Is the conflict External or Internal? Explain. Use this graphic organizer with your class to analyze such features in poetry. Elements of Fiction Worksheet This is a very simple activity to help students better understand elements of fiction. conflict is discovered through identifying elements of the plot. Historical fiction is far from the most popular of fiction genres. By examining the story through each separate element, you can begin to appreciate factors you might have noticed about the story and see how they work together. Fiction Story Elements and Text Structure Studying the story elements and structure of fiction is an important way to deepen your child's reading comprehension because it helps them understand what is important. Key Learning: Unit Essential Question: How do authors effectively use literary elements to create and develop a meaningful short fiction text?. Much of writing is instinctual, but there are some tools every writer needs to make their story professional and effective. LITERARY ELEMENTS Below is a list of Literary Elements, or the parts of a story. And now, it's connected to the Adobe Document Cloud − making it easier than ever to work across computers and mobile devices. The Elements of Science Fiction. Elements of fiction and elements of story in general can be used by the reader to increase their enjoyment and understanding of different literary pieces. aspects of visual art to create a painting, a fiction writer uses character, setting, plot, point of view, theme, and various kinds of symbolism and language to create artistic effect in fiction. It may contain fictional events, but factual events must be prominent and correct. Elements of Literature: Fiction, Poetry, Drama. Elements of Fiction and examples of use in "My Papa's Waltz" DEFINITION OF ALLEGORY An allegory is a whole world of symbols. The Elements of Fiction Writing book series by multiple authors includes books Characters and Viewpoint, Beginnings, Middles & Ends, Conflict, Action and Suspense, and several more. The theme is the main idea or message a literary work conveys. Somewhere in the shadowy past, our cave-dwelling ancestors began con-juring stories and telling them to each other. Provide each student with a student sheet. Elements of Fiction. For Short Essay #1 based on The Elements of Fiction for a short literary work, you should quote only from the reading selection in Literature and Ourselves (the primary text); do not quote/cite outside research (secondary sources) for this paper. Use this graphic organizer with your class to analyze such features in poetry. Elements of a Short Story PLOT The plot is how the author arranges events to develop his basic idea; It is the sequence of events in a story or play. CHARACTER There are two meanings for the word character: 1) The person in a work of fiction. Non-Fiction Books Two broad categories of nonfiction are literary nonfiction and functional texts. Elements of Science Fiction Name:_____ Directions: The left side of the chart describes the elements of Science Fiction. • Fictional Plot – the plot is fictional even though it is centered around historical events or characters. dynamic character: B. View The Elements of Fiction. (Fiction = F, Non‐Fiction = NF) 1. Give students. Rather, it means employing the skills and tools that fiction writers use. Characters are the people, animals, or beings in a work. Roberts and poems by John Donne, Alexander Pope, W. Point of View. Plot: The plot is the author's particular arrangement of incidents in a story. From Rebecca Mayand in Newton School District (viewed 3-09-12) Page 1 Reference list of Literary Terms for Middle School students. Myth and Legend. Based on the historic tradition and the frequent occurrence of supernatural elements, the genre of horror is considered as one "apex of the popular fantasy triangle" together with fantasy and science fiction. ppt), PDF File (. for the Elementary Classroom. Elements of Fiction. DRAMA A Drama is a story written to be performed in front of an audience. Perfect for language arts and reading lessons, creative writing, reading comprehension, and narrative essays. Big Ideas Students determine the overarching statement (e. cite textual evidence to support analysis of a text. When we read fiction we are not looking for an essay about life, but for dramatically recreated experience. , rising action, turning point, climax, falling action, denouement) in various works of fiction. Elements of fiction: I. The Five Major Story Elements in Harry Potter, Star Wars: A New Hope, The Lion King, MacBeth, A Christmas Carol, Jane Eyre and the Hunger Games. Elements of a Story Title: Setting (when & where): How/why this setting is important to the story: Main character(s): What is the personality/behavior of the main character(s)? Character’s main goal(s): Why this is an important goal(s) for the main character: How the reader knows it’s the goal:. Return to Other Fiction Genres · Print/Mobile-Friendly Version Many writers and readers are familiar with romances written with a touch of fantasy, futurism, or a paranormal theme. The Elements of Fiction. Hearing stories told and read aloud helps children internalize the elements of fiction. Teaching Comprehension Strategies All Readers Need by Nicole Outsen and Stephanie Yulga. (2 points) 8. The Elements of Literature are often referred to using other nomenclature such as Elements of Fiction or the Elements of a Story or any variation alluding to the basic skeleton of fictional writing and story telling. Informational Focus: Elements of Fiction - Allegory The novel Animal Farm is a complex, yet simple story. Narrator The person telling the story (not always the same person as the author or writer) 2. Elements of Fiction Scavenger Hunt Directions: Search through our focus text to locate examples of the following elements of fiction. Shiloh Winsor 7,244 views. Color your pictures for bonus points. Read the packet as a class and review the highlighted elements. Quiz over terms. It is a great way to support the site and help us help you with more content and lessons. o Setting: Where and when the story takes place. Alliteration-repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words. The characters are the people or animals that are in the story. The night was clear, and the full moon seemed to smile down on the new home of the. Point of View •how the story is told and who tells it. Although we have not focused on them here, other elements of narrative include theme, plot, conflict, and point of view. Literary Terms Scavenger Hunt: Answers. Figurative language Language that uses figures of speech or literary devices to express ideas. Elements of fiction. You're enamoured with epic sagas from the likes of Tolkien, Martin and Rowling; you love everything about the genre, and you feel that you have your own fantasy story to tell. LITERATURE REVIEW: The Elements of Fiction True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. Reading Activity: After showing the movie clip, have students read the story A Man With A Problem. Further clarify that a work of fiction must have all four parts, and a biography usually does not have a theme. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: