Boto Python Tutorial

Pre-Flight Check These instructions are intended specifically for installing boto, a python library for managing Storm Object Stores. In this article, we will focus on how to use Amazon S3 for regular file handling operations using Python and Boto library. This tutorial will guide you through installing Python 3 on a CentOS 7 system using the Software Collections (SCL) alongside the distribution default Python version 2. py configuration will be very similar. DataCamp offers interactive R, Python, Sheets, SQL and shell courses. Going forward, API updates and all new feature work will be focused on Boto3. Install the boto library and gcs-oauth2-boto-plugin. Example 2: Using a Python wrapper. With minimal configuration, you can start using all of the functionality provided by the AWS Management Console from your favorite terminal program. Yeah, that's the rank of 'AWS With Python and Flask - Beanstalk, D' amongst all AWS tutorials recommended by the community. In fact, this SDK is the reason I picked up Python - so I can do stuff with AWS with a few lines of Python in a script instead of a full blown Java setup. Data Scientist Blog. The logging module is part of the standard Python library and provides tracking for events that occur while software runs. When I started to develop python tasks for automate some process by using amazon mturk was a little bit difficult found enough information about the usage of Boto and about mturk, for this reason I want to make those things easy for others developers that, like me some time ago, are. Although Python is an easy to learn and powerful programming language as it is known in common parlance, there is nevertheless need of a good introduction and tutorial on the Python language. Here is a basic example of uploading a file on S3 using Boto –. Change Python version system wide: If you want to set specific version, use it like this: WARNING: This command will overwrite the default python version system-wise conda install python = 3. 3+ in the same codebase. x Docs Python 2. boto works with much more than just S3, you can also access EC2, SES, SQS, and just about every other AWS service. Read our latest blog on managing AWS with Python and Boto. But if not, we'll be posting more boto examples, like how to retrieve the files from S3. Split by whitespace If you like my tutorials, consider make a donation to these charities. Boto is a library developed by the AWS team to provide a Python SDK for the amazon web services. 4 of the SDK for Python. You can use method of creating object instance to upload the file from your local machine to AWS S3 bucket in Python using boto3 library. To use this installer python-XYZ. Your source code remains pure Python while Numba handles the compilation at runtime. To port a module to Python 3. Column names and column must be specified. Recently I started playing with Amazon EC2 and wanted to start, stop Amazon EC2 instances using command line. From Wikibooks, open books for an open world < A Beginner's Python Tutorial. One such example is python boto library. This section covers how to install pip, setuptools, and wheel using Linux package managers. Currently, all features work with Python 2. It uses boto. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Work is under way to support Python 3. Flask is a micro framework of Python that is used to build web applications. boto works with much more than just S3, you can also access EC2, SES, SQS, and just about every other AWS service. boto: A Python interface to Amazon Web Services¶. There are a number of libraries for using this API, and for Python, we have boto. The best way to log output from boto3 is with Python’s logging library. Amazon provides a Python based API, BOTO, to control the EC2 instances. This tutorial will be the first of many about mturk and Boto, a python interface to Amazon Web Services. There are some new features like Clients, Resources, and Waiters, which make it a must have tool to develop or administer AWS services. cacerts module which is imported elsewhere in the package. boto file as previously, Ansible will work. In this case Ansible AWS EC2 Instance creation using ansible playbook which provides automated provisioning of EC2. It is important you have the basic knowledge of python for this tutorial and make sure you have. The boto docs are great, so reading them should give you a good idea as to how to use the other services. 5 Sasha Levchenko 8 Anastasia Melnyk 8. Mike's Guides to Learning Boto3 Volume 2: AWS S3 Storage: Buckets, Files, Management, and Security. Contribute to Jadatravu/Tutorials development by creating an account on GitHub. 1, although they should work with any version of Python from 2. Know how to manage important tasks in AWS from the backend without login into the AWS from Web. Tornado is a Python web framework and asynchronous networking library, originally developed at FriendFeed. After AWS Lambda was released along with others that followed, there has been so much focus on serverless architectures. There are multiple ways to install Python 3, including a download from the official Python site, however I strongly recommend instead using a package manager like Homebrew to manage all your dependencies going forward. Boto is the Amazon Web Services SDK for Python, which allows Python developers to write software that makes use of Amazon services like S3 and EC2. Infrastructure with Python. This short tutorial will show you how to properly install Python 3 on a Mac OS X computer. I was asked to administrate all users and resources of my employer's Amazon Web Services a few months ago. So, dont miss any more time and join me in this course to sharpen your skills on AWS using Python and Boto3!. Boto 3 Documentation June 21, 2017, 9:22 a. Work is under way to support Python 3. To get things started, I'll give a short tutorial on using RDS. Read this blog about accessing your data in Amazon Redshift and PostgreSQL with Python and R by Blendo, provider of the best data migration solutions to help you easily sync all your marketing data to your data warehouse. We test Numba continuously in more than 200 different platform configurations. Currently, all features work with Python 2. I downloaded boto3 so I could access these. In this we will look into a simple way to create an. Few examples to show you how to split a String into a List in Python. If you don't have to package your Jython scripts inside a JAR file then you can very easily use boto3 with Jython. Build a Real-time Stream Processing Pipeline with Apache Flink on AWS by Steffen Hausmann; Deep Dive on Flink & Spark on Amazon EMR by Keith Steward; Exploring data with Python and Amazon S3 Select by Manav Sehgal; Optimizing data for analysis with Amazon Athena and AWS Glue by Manav Sehgal. Advanced Search Udemy boto3. I might be missing the part on the UI wh. What is Spring Boot? Spring Boot is a Framework from "The Spring Team" to ease the bootstrapping and development of new Spring Applications. Boto is a Python package that provides interfaces to Amazon Web Services. boto3 is a Python library allowing you to communicate with AWS. The logging module is part of the standard Python library and provides tracking for events that occur while software runs. Boto 3 - The AWS SDK for Python. " There are few like it in the Python web framework ecosystem. Work is under way to support Python 3. connectinn impart Siiconnection from boto. Now you've completed our Python API tutorial, you now should be able to access a simple API and make get requests. Specifically, I’ve been moving them many of my python scripts and API’s to AWS’ Lambda platform using the Zappa framework. Currently, all features work with Python 2. All on topics in data science, statistics and machine learning. Boto 3 is the AWS SDK for Python. Feeding data from Twitter to a Kinesis stream. connect_s3() Creating a bucket: c. Boto3 is the Amazon Web Services (AWS) Software Development Kit (SDK) for Python, which allows Python developers to write software that makes use of services like Amazon S3 and Amazon EC2. key import Key import botu Basic Operations connecting: c c — boto. What python has to do with DevOps? Python is one of the best scripting languages. py debian -lenny. If you’re familiar with Python or interested in learning it, in conjunction with learning and use AWS, you won’t find a better option than Boto. In our last post, we went over a range of options to perform approximate sentence matching in Python, an import task for many natural language processing and machine learning tasks. S3 multipart upload python. In today's tutorial, we'll configure our development environment and create a new Django Python project in Eclipse using the PyDev IDE plugin. what might be done via using print() statements. Whereas classically ansible will execute tasks in its host loop against multiple remote machines, most cloud-control steps occur on your local machine with reference to the regions to control. Check out the top tutorials & courses and pick the one as per your learning style: video-based, book, free, paid, for beginners, advanced, etc. The boto docs are great, so reading them should give you a good idea as to how to use the other services. Note: here 'mypython' is the aws profile name I will use later to export in boto. Rank: 38 out of 52 tutorials/courses. Watch changes in a ftp folder, whenever a new xml file is created, or when an existing file is modified this needs to be parsed and its contents inserted in the database. This tutorial is about setting up an environment with scripts to work via Amazon's Hadoop implmentation EMR on huge datasets. Learn from a team of expert teachers in the comfort of your browser with video lessons and fun coding challenges and projects. A place where you can learn Python for fat lowest cost and see yourself growing as a “Software Developer”. boto is an open source Python library that is used as an interface to Google Cloud Storage. rte and all the packages needed for yum. Travelopy - travel discovery and journal LuaPass - offline password manager WhatIDoNow - a public log of things I am working on now. Tornado is a Python web framework and asynchronous networking library, originally developed at FriendFeed. The getting started link on this page provides step-by-step instructions to get started. boto3 is a Python library allowing you to communicate with AWS. You can use method of creating object instance to upload the file from your local machine to AWS S3 bucket in Python using boto3 library. Developers can use Boto to access the Amazon Mechanical Turk API. Canopy provides easy access to 600+ Python packages from the trusted Enthought Python Distribution Canopy provides fast installation of both an interactive analysis environment plus the Python version of your choice and a core set of curated Python packages from the well-known Enthought Python Distribution. Using boto3 with Jython. Installation. If youre using a version of Boto prior to 3, you will. (Note that now we are using HTML, CSS, Javascript, Python, Perl and MATLAB as part of our pipeline -- sorry about that. gevent is a coroutine-based Python networking library that uses greenlet to provide a high-level synchronous API on top of the libev or libuv event loop. Here is a simple guide to show you exactly how to install Python and PIP on your Windows 10 machine. Modules in Python 4. It is an orchestration tool. A few botos exist exclusively in fresh water, and these are often considered primitive dolphins. Watch changes in a ftp folder, whenever a new xml file is created, or when an existing file is modified this needs to be parsed and its contents inserted in the database. There are multiple ways to install Python 3, including a download from the official Python site, however I strongly recommend instead using a package manager like Homebrew to manage all your dependencies going forward. aws/credentials and ~/. In this tutorial, you will learn how to use Amazon S3 service via the Python library Boto3. In fact, this SDK is the reason I picked up Python - so I can do stuff with AWS with a few lines of Python in a script instead of a full blown Java setup. You can find the latest, most up to date, documentation at our doc site, including a list of services that are supported. Learn from a team of expert teachers in the comfort of your browser with video lessons and fun coding challenges and projects. Eventually, you will have a Python code that you can run on EC2 instance and access your data on the cloud while it is stored on the cloud. 3+ in the same codebase. I use this a lot as a glue library. Boto allows you to write scripts to automate things like starting AWS EC2 instances. You could condense Python/Perl/MATLAB all to just Python, if you wanted! I just use whatever languages seem most convenient to me at the time). This Hello World tutorial takes a simple program and builds upon it to illustrate the various elements of the Python programming language. python format. An Introduction to boto's S3 interface¶. But the objects must be serialized before storing. You can read more about this integration here: AWS SDK for Python (Boto) and boto: A Python interface to Amazon Web Services. When the resulting series of bits is reread according to. I don't know why using Boto. The core docs have a nice tutorial (⬅️ check this out if you need more details on things like what log levels are and how to add timestamps to messages). S3Boto3Storage to add a few custom parameters, in order to be able to store the user uploaded files, that is, the media assets in a different location and also to tell S3 to not override files. We will Stop, Start and Terminate EC2 Instances and again the best part is we will do all of that with our Python code! Lots of information, hands-on practice and experience is waiting for you in this course on AWS. In this post, I’ll share some basic information about Python and AWS Lambda…hopefully it will get everyone out there thinking about new ways to use platforms like Lambda. It frees your servers from handling static files themselves, lets you scale your servers easier by keeping media files in a common place, and is a necessary step to using. Ansible ec2 module depends on boto. For Python, you can use Psycopg which is the library recommended by PostgreSQL. 7 Debian Jessie virtual machine with Python 2. Python's documentation, tutorials, and guides are constantly evolving. boto file as previously, Ansible will work. This is why they usually provide a simpler alternative to metaclasses. Check out these Popular Python Repositories to learn all about the cool things that are being developed with the Python programming language. Getting Started with Boto. You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. What I want to do is run a script on day time. Today, we are going to show how to use Boto to create HITs and retrieve results. Getting Started with Boto. Few examples to show you how to split a String into a List in Python. You'll learn to use and combine over ten AWS services to create a pet adoption website with mythical creatures. Recently I started playing with Amazon EC2 and wanted to start, stop Amazon EC2 instances using command line. django-gcm-android-ios is a simple Django app to send a message using GCM HTTP connection server protocol. Check your version of Python by typing python -V. Boto 3 is the most current release (as of Jan 2019). This tutorial will cover how to install, configure and get started with Boto3 library for your AWS account. " The good news is that Boto 3 is extremely well documented. 1 as well as the latest versions of Redis, Python Redis, and RQ. aws/credentials and ~/. Re-using an old shape function within a new function allows your Python program to create cool designs! Type in the code you see in the image. 7, as well as Windows/macOS/Linux. It provides an easy to use API for the majority of Amazon services like EC2 and S3. This "Python Scripting Tutorial" will introduce you to python which is a scripting language and using python you can build powerful applications easily. If you have an if statement and the next line is indented then it means that this indented block belongs to the. Python has strength that makes it an ideal language to learn and use: - It is completely free, and available on all operating systems - It is very easy to learn - Python was designed to be easy for humans to write, rather than easy for computers to understand. Continuing on with simple examples to help beginners learn the basics of Python and Boto3. But if not, we'll be posting more boto examples, like how to retrieve the files from S3. For a long time I have been using os. I don't know why using Boto. Check out the top tutorials & courses and pick the one as per your learning style: video-based, book, free, paid, for beginners, advanced, etc. Getting started with Amazon's DynamoDB in Python Amazon provides many cloud services, both for Infrastructure as a Service (running Virtual Machines in EC2) and Platform as a Service (providing the actual services). This tutorial. boto: A Python interface to Amazon Web Services¶. This tutorial assumes that you have boto already downloaded and installed. Download the file for your platform. x, although there are plans to do so in the near future. Amazon AWS IoT with Wipy. In a previous blog post, we also shared steps to install the Boto SDK. Install the AWS SDK for Python (Boto) —For download and installation instructions, see the AWS SDK for Python (Boto) documentation. key import Key import botu Basic Operations connecting: c c — boto. This tutorial focuses on the boto interface to the Simple Storage Service from Amazon Web Services. I might be missing the part on the UI wh. AWS - Using Python and Boto3 to get Information about Untagged EC2 resources AWS Python Boto Just a quick post on a Python script to scan through all your EC2 Instances in the Specified Region, and if there's no Tags associated to the resource, the script will print information out about the resources in question. A place where you can learn Python for fat lowest cost and see yourself growing as a "Software Developer". This tutorial will walk you through installing and configuring boto, as well how to use it to make API calls. In a previous blog post, we shared steps to install the Boto SDK. Amazon::S3 is a Perl library for working with and managing S3 buckets and keys. It can be used side-by-side with Boto in the same project, so it is easy to start using Boto3 in your existing projects as well as new projects. There are some new features like Clients, Resources, and Waiters, which make it a must have tool to develop or administer AWS services. Updates: 03/22/2016: Upgraded to Python version 3. In this tutorial, we will code a prototype using Python and Boto. pre_task: install python-simplejson. This document assumes you are familiar with Python and the Cloud Storage concepts and operations presented in the Console Quickstart. 7 using the boto3 client, and includes extra sections on invoking Lambda functions, and repackaging and re-uploading while the code is still in development. There are a number of libraries for using this API, and for Python, we have boto. The core docs have a nice tutorial (⬅️ check this out if you need more details on things like what log levels are and how to add timestamps to messages). This is why they usually provide a simpler alternative to metaclasses. boto: A Python interface to Amazon Web Services¶. $ python3 test-boto. Use to Boto3 to automate AWS Infrastructure Provisioning - IAM Creation - VPC Flow Log Creation #Valaxy #AWS #Boto3 #Automation. I have avoided AWS up until Today, but need to access some files that are stored on AWS. Issue I have a pipeline that calls a python script. hola, muy buen tutorial, gracias por compartir tus conocimientos, aenas estoy empezando en python y qt, actualmente manejo c# pero un amigo me dijo que aprendiera python para hacer un trabajo conjunto de programacion. We will walk through setting up your development environment, obtaining a Slack API. Build a simple distributed system using AWS Lambda, Python, and DynamoDB Written by Mike Watters , November 16, 2015 We have implemented a number of systems in support of our Erlang -based real-time bidding platform. • Boto Config Tutorial •Boto Source Repository •Boto Issue Tracker •Boto Twitter •Follow Mitch on Twitter •Join ourIRC channel(#boto on FreeNode). Good libraries, like boto, use Python's logging library internally. Start learning Python today!. Tutorial 4: Using an Old Function within a New Function (Triangle) Create a windMill(turtle) Function by using the makeTriangle(turtle) function. Python and Boto are both pretty great in terms of how easy they are to pick up for general tasks. I was asked to administrate all users and resources of my employer's Amazon Web Services a few months ago. 14 JUL Intro to AWS Lambda with Python | AWS Lambda Python Tutorial. In this tutorial, you will learn how to use Amazon S3 service via the Python library Boto3. This tutorial is about setting up an environment with scripts to work via Amazon's Hadoop implmentation EMR on huge datasets. This document assumes you are familiar with Python and the Cloud Storage concepts and operations presented in the Console Quickstart. Yeah, that's the rank of 'AWS With Python and Flask - Beanstalk, D' amongst all AWS tutorials recommended by the community. Learn how to use python api boto3. Simple Storage Service. What is Spring Boot? Spring Boot is a Framework from “The Spring Team” to ease the bootstrapping and development of new Spring Applications. The crcmod module contains a pure-Python implementation of CRC32C, but using it results in very poor performance. 3+ in the same codebase. Really nice documentation on how to talk to the different AWS services. This tutorial assumes that you have boto already downloaded and installed. S tart by creating a virtual environment and installing Boto (Python interface to Amazon Web Services) virtualenv sns_test cd sns_test pip install boto. How can I handle a boto exception in python? Ask Question You also may want to review the Python Tutorial section on Exceptions and Errors. The core docs have a nice tutorial (⬅️ check this out if you need more details on things like what log levels are and how to add timestamps to messages). We will walk through setting up your development environment, obtaining a Slack API. The getting started link on this page provides step-by-step instructions to get started. Replace nodejs for python? python,node. Amazon AWS IoT with Wipy. Contribute to Jadatravu/Tutorials development by creating an account on GitHub. Amazon Lambda actually already has boto installed by default on its servers, but at the time of this post, the pre-installed version is out of date, and missing key features we need, so we will need to specify our own anyway. It simply to said, if you have a python apps and you want it to access AWS features, you need this. sudo pip install boto. Your source code remains pure Python while Numba handles the compilation at runtime. boto now support the EC2 tags, i. Ansible ec2 module depends on boto. Did something here help you out? Then please help support the effort by buying one of my Python Boto3 Guides. Top 15 Python Library List for Programmers. Python Boto - Creating EC2 Instance Python Boto is a powerful python module to interact with AWS environment. Boto provides a Python interface to nearly all of the Amazon Web Services, as well as some other services, such as Google Storage. Let's walk through the steps on how to install Python 3. You can use method of creating object instance to upload the file from your local machine to AWS S3 bucket in Python using boto3 library. Pip is a tool for installing and managing Python packages. This tutorial focuses on the boto interface to AWS' DynamoDB v2. 7 This chapter from our course is available in a version for Python3: Lambda Operator, filter, reduce and map Classroom Training Courses. Here is the code snipped to fish some info about your instance. Boto 3 - The AWS SDK for Python. In this Nexmo Voice API tutorial, you will learn how to use Python on AWS Lambda to place a text to speech call that plays a message to a recipient and then asks them to enter some digits on their keypad. ec2 library. Boto provides an easy to use, object-oriented API as well as low-level direct service access. So, i download the compressed file and the install with "sudo python setup. aws/credentials and ~/. you can name your instances. In Amazon S3, the user has to first create a. Bots are a useful way to interact with chat services such as Slack. DevOps with Boto Python - Part IV - Monty: The Weight Watcher! DevOps with Boto Python - Part IV In the next tutorial we will learn how to create, remove and list. sns, time, json, logging from datetime import datetime. The best way to log output from boto3 is with Python's logging library. Let's walk through the steps on how to install Python 3. I am trying to automate the aws instance setup using boto. It can be used side-by-side with Boto in the same project, so it is easy to start using Boto3 in your existing projects as well as new projects. Example 2: Using a Python wrapper. In this tutorial, we will code a prototype using Python and Boto. To see which packages are installed in your current conda environment and their version numbers, in your terminal window or an Anaconda Prompt, run conda list. resource taken from open source projects. Boto is an Amazon AWS SDK for python. You will then get a callback to a URL you specify once the interaction has completed. Python's documentation, tutorials, and guides are constantly evolving. py in your. Install boto3 and fill~/. Although Python is an easy to learn and powerful programming language as it is known in common parlance, there is nevertheless need of a good introduction and tutorial on the Python language. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the ones you don't like. In our tutorial, we will use it to upload a file from our local computer to your S3 bucket. Because if I type python, it already installed. There are a number of libraries for using this API, and for Python, we have boto. Install the AWS SDK for Python (Boto) —For download and installation instructions, see the AWS SDK for Python (Boto) documentation. python code examples for boto3. We will walk through setting up your development environment, obtaining a Slack API. Master gui automation with python today. For this example I created a new bucket named sibtc-assets. We test Numba continuously in more than 200 different platform configurations. Recently I started playing with Amazon EC2 and wanted to start, stop Amazon EC2 instances using command line. In fact, API calls such as DetectFaces and IndexFaces accept a single image as input. x, although there are plans to do so in the near future. boto Documentation, Release HEAD Note: Boto3, the next version of Boto, is now stable and recommended for general use. If you are using GitHub to work on this tutorial, please be sure to add twitterCreds. python simple django app send. Our stack will consist of some version of Ubuntu (for this tutorial I'm using 12. A config var’s key should not begin with HEROKU_ unless it is set by the Heroku platform itself. Modules are being ported one at a time with the help of the open source community, so please check below for compatibility with Python 3. The core docs have a nice tutorial (⬅️ check this out if you need more details on things like what log levels are and how to add timestamps to messages). [email protected]:~#apt install python-pip. py debian -lenny. Data Scientist Blog. A Beginner's Python Tutorial/Classes. html API reference at http://boto. #tutorials Simple Exploration of Python with IPython. 5 Sasha Levchenko 8 Anastasia Melnyk 8. sns, time, json, logging from datetime import datetime. The services range from general server hosting (Elastic Compute Cloud, i. This single sign-on (SSO) login standard has significant advantages over logging in using a username/password:. Boto is the Amazon Web Services (AWS) SDK for Python, which allows Python developers to write software that makes use of Amazon services like S3 and EC2. Let's look at the pre-requisites, assumptions and facts for this tutorial series. Simple Storage Service. Python's logging module provides a powerful framework for adding log statements to code vs. Python tutorial Python Home Introduction Running Python Programs (os, sys, import) Uploading a big file to AWS S3 using boto module Scheduled stopping and. See more ideas about Python programming, Computer programming and Programming languages. Getting started with Amazon's DynamoDB in Python Amazon provides many cloud services, both for Infrastructure as a Service (running Virtual Machines in EC2) and Platform as a Service (providing the actual services). This is a very simple tutorial showing how to get a list of instances in your Amazon AWS environment. We test Numba continuously in more than 200 different platform configurations. Boto provides an easy to use, object-oriented API as well as low-level direct service access. If you have an if statement and the next line is indented then it means that this indented block belongs to the. In this article, we will focus on how to use Amazon S3 for regular file handling operations using Python and Boto library. Get coding in Python with a tutorial on building a modern web app. MPI Cluster Programming with Python and Amazon EC2 Driving EC2 using Python yum -y install python-boto Updated python scripts + docs will be on Google Code. Google Cloud Storage : What Is Google Cloud Storage ? Google Cloud Storage is a RESTful service for storing and accessing your data on Google's infrastructure. Type the secret keys and the region. So, dont miss any more time and join me in this course to sharpen your skills on AWS using Python and Boto3!. org python boto_run. First things first. This tutorial assumes that you already have the labeled images for training or have. 5 Gordon Rogers 8. Toggle navigation Close Menu. Any good references (books, tutorials, examples) for learning CloudFormation ?. In this tutorial, you will learn how to use Amazon S3 service via the Python library Boto3. It looks like I need to learn CloudFormation and keep Boto(Python) on the side for fun or integrating AWS in apps. Python Code for Our Lambda Function. cacerts module which is imported elsewhere in the package. This tutorial assumes you are familiar with Python & that you have registered for an Amazon Web Services account. Boto can be installed from your OS distribution or python's "pip install boto". Bots are a useful way to interact with chat services such as Slack. Travelopy - travel discovery and journal LuaPass - offline password manager WhatIDoNow - a public log of things I am working on now. Boto allows you to write scripts to automate things like starting AWS EC2 instances. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: